Merrimon Howard

Merrimon Howard (Jefferson County)

State House: 1870-1872

Born: March 8, 1821
Died: November 11, 1904 in Washington, D. C.

Name often appears as Merriman. Also served as sheriff and justice of the peace. His son, Michael, was sent to West Point in 1870 as one of the first Black cadets, but he did not pass the entrance exam. In January of 1877, Howard testified about the denial of election franchise in Mississippi.

Fearing for his safety, Howard relocated to Washington, D.C., and was appointed to be a messenger in the Treasury Department in 1877. He lost his position in 1886 after a Mississippi Democrat, Rep. Barksdale, requested his removal. Howard and wife Elvira are listed on the 1880 and 1900 census, as well as city directories, in Washington, D. C. He died there in 1904, followed by Elvira in 1907; both are recorded in the “District of Columbia Deaths, 1874-1961” database.

Click here to read extensive passages about Merriman Howard, his mother, and his son from the WPA history of Jefferson County.

“[Merrimon] Howard was a former slave who was freed in the 1850s; he was a carriage driver and helped to found the first black school in the county; he also held many offices, including sheriff. But in 1876, shorn of office, Howard nonetheless directly confronted the white liners in a massive procession in Fayette, thereby provoking the ire of leading Democrats. They threatened to kill him, even though he had recently been appointed a special federal marshal. Consequently, Howard fled the county prior to the election. The U.S. marshal for the Southern District of Mississippi, in a report to the U.S. attorney general, described Howard’s plight this way: ‘Howard is a colored man, a staunch Republican, and a leader among his people. Herein is his offending.'”
(Justin Behrend, Reconstructing Democracy: Grassroots Black Politics in the Deep South after the Civil War, 2015)

“Of all the members of that legislature, there were only two I had ever known before, one who had been a slave, Merriman Howard from Jefferson county, who had been the house servant and carriage driver for my nearest neighbor, in the days when I lived in that county, Mr. Wade Harrison…”
(Frank A. Montgomery, Reminiscences of a Mississippian in Peace and War, 1901)

Signature of Merrimon Howard from a May 1871 letter to Governor Alcorn

Letter from Merrimon Howard to the Assistant Commissioner of the Mississippi Freedmen’s Bureau
Washington Post: The First Black at West Point
Memorial on Find A Grave

Vicksburg Herald, September 26, 1868
Tri-Weekly Clarion, September 9, 1869
Natchez Democrat, June 29, 1869
Weekly Mississippi Pilot, May 28, 1870
Weekly Mississippi Pilot, June 11, 1870
The Elevator, June 24, 1870
Weekly Mississippi Pilot, June 25, 1870
Semi-Weekly Clarion, September 23, 1870
Clarion-Ledger, October 6, 1870
Hinds County Gazette, June 7, 1871
Macon Beacon, July 22, 1871
Clarion-Ledger, August 3, 1871
Clarion-Ledger, September 21, 1871
Semi-Weekly Clarion, October 10, 1871
Clarion-Ledger, October 12, 1871
Clarion-Ledger, October 19, 1871
Natchez Democrat, June 22, 1872
Natchez Democrat, July 18, 1872
Letter to Governor Powers, Nov. 4, 1872
Letter to Governor Powers, Nov. 4, 1872
Letter to Governor Powers, Dec. 24, 1872
Letter to Governor Powers, Dec. 24, 1872
Letter to Governor Powers, March 29, 1873
Letter to Governor Powers, Mar 29, 1873
Clarion-Ledger, October 2, 1873
Clarion-Ledger, March 4, 1875
Clarion-Ledger, May 5, 1875
Weekly Mississippi Pilot, Aug 7, 1875
Letter from Merrimon Howard to Governor Ames, January 13, 1876
Letter to Governor Ames, Jan 13, 1876
The American Citizen, April 1, 1876
Daily Commonwealth, September 10, 1876
Chicago Tribune, November 17, 1876
Clarion-Ledger, December 13, 1876
Biographical info in testimony
Cincinnati Daily Star, January 19, 1877
Sioux City Journal, January 20, 1877
Baltimore Sun, May 9, 1877
Baltimore Sun, February 12, 1879
Clarion-Ledger, September 27, 1882
New-York Tribune, July 29, 1887