Hannibal C. Carter

Hannibal C. Carter
from The Appeal, Jul 25, 1891

Hannibal C. Carter (Warren County)

Secretary of State: 1873
State House: 1872-1873, 1876-1877

Born: February 1835 in New Albany, IN
Died: June 1, 1904 in Chicago, IL

After serving in Mississippi politics in the 1870s, Carter moved to the midwest about 1881 for more safety and opportunity. His brother, Edward, was active in local politics in Tunica.

“Ham Carter” was a common nickname used for him in newspapers. His middle name is given as Caesar in one newspaper article, but a descendant who was named for him had the middle name Cleveland.

“Hannibal C. Carter was born at New Albany, Ind., February 1835, but his early childhood was spent at Toronto, Canada. He received a common school education at New Albany, and then when old enough learned the barber trade and was also a tobacconist.”
(The St. Paul Appeal, July 25, 1891)

“Two prominent New Albany African Americans deserve special attention for their contribution to the Civil War effort: Hannibal Carter and his brother Edward. Despite restrictions placed on African Americans, these men had a certain amount of mobility and were able to cross state lines. They were among some of the first blacks in the United States to muster into service during the Civil War. The two Carter brothers became a part of the Louisiana Native Guards formed in New Orleans initially to protect interests of native New Orleans citizens. Although the exact date is unclear, some time in the spring of 1861, George Washington Carter and sons Hannibal and Edward took the steamer Vicksburgh, which ran on the lower Mississippi, down to New Orleans. According to the New Albany Ledger, they were there on April 12, 1861, when Fort Sumter fell and the Civil War began. The Appeal, which published a biography of Hannibal in 1891, also reported that the men were ‘on the Mississippi Steamer, ‘Vicksburgh,’ when the war broke out.’ Their presence in New Orleans at the start of the war is also confirmed by the fact that the names of Hannibal and Edward Carter appear on the roster of the Louisiana Native Guards in 1861. Edward was a captain in the First Regiment of Louisiana Native Guards, and Hannibal was a captain in the Second Regiment of Louisiana Native Guards.


During the Reconstruction period, many of the officers of the Native Guard became leaders in the Republican Party. Hannibal assisted in the reconstruction of Tennessee in 1867. In 1868 he was elected as representative from the Eighth Congressional District. In that same year he moved to Mississippi and became involved in the politics of reconstruction there, also. He represented Warren County, Mississippi, in the State Legislature three times and was twice appointed Secretary of State. He was active in getting the Gray-Carter Civil Rights Bill passed in June of 1873.”
(Pamela R. Peters, The Underground Railroad in Floyd County, Indiana, 2001)

Signature of Hannibal C. Carter
Signature of Hannibal C. Carter from a petition to A. K. Davis, July 15, 1875

Family History Project Leads Siblings to New Albany – Kelly and Richard Navies, descendants of the Carter family, talk about their family history

Weekly Mississippi Pilot, May 21, 1870
Weekly Mississippi Pilot, May 21, 1870
Weekly Mississippi Pilot, July 16, 1870
New National Era, March 28, 1872
Times-Picayune, April 12, 1872
New National Era, March 6, 1873
Vicksburg Times & Repub, Sep 2, 1873
Clarion Ledger, August 27, 1874
Vicksburg Herald, August 5, 1875 
Letter to Governor Stone
Letter to Governor Stone, 21 April 1876
Chicago Tribune, October 7, 1881
New York Globe, December 8, 1883
Vicksburg Evening Post, April 1, 1885
The Appeal, July 25, 1891
Southern Argus, August 13, 1891
Southern Argus, August 13, 1891
Wichita Weekly Beacon, Oct 7, 1892
The Broad Axe, March 9, 1901
The Broad Axe, May 18, 1901
The Broad Axe, June 4, 1904
St. Paul Appeal, June 11, 1904